International Relations traditionally concerns itself mostly with politics,law,war,economy and energy with state to state relations. You have more than million options to select the topic for your thesis and dissertation.The only limitation is your own resources and timeline which you must consider while selecting the topic.Your selected topic must add new dimension to the already available literature and must address soem specif issues. Your supervisor might be very helpful in your topic selection and always give value to your supervisor option with your own addition of topics as well. Make sure whatever topic you select should have enough literature available from peer reviewed academic journals and not only from news sites and other platforms.This will help defend your dissertation at the end of your degree program.
Trending International Relations Topic for your thesis and dissertation
Following are some of the IR trending topics in 2019 that would be helpful in your selection.
Shift In Balance Of Power: Uni polarity To Multi polarity
The USA considers herself the superpower. Russia and China’s alliance has shifted the world from unipolar to multipolar. USA concern of changing shift is evidenced by its change in foreign policy to “Make America Great Again”.
Following topics you can further narrow down for your study in 2020:
- Understanding Russia’s Intervention in Syria and it’s impact on US-europe relations
- Thirty Years of U.S. Policy Toward Russia: Can the Vicious Circle Be Broken?
Chinese Financial Institutions Duplicating The IMF
The Chinese major development institutions are criticized for duplicating the western development financial institutions. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and Belt and Road Initiative Bank are supposed to provide loan to developing countries under the cover of BRI (Belt and Road Initiative) projects to control their policy concerns for the future. These can control their policies as previously done by the IMF and World Bank.
Intra Afghan Dialogue: Impact Of Taliban Constraints
The Afghan Peace Talk incorporates all the stakeholders. The Afghan government, Local Parties, Taliban representation, USA and regional stakeholders. The Taliban constraints to include the Afghan government in peace talks and the specified timeline for the departure of USA troops raise a concern about vacuum creation in Afghanistan which can lead to civil war in the country.
You can further narrow down the topic to the issue of terrorism,women rights in Afghanistan, INDIA,Paksitan,USA and Russia role in Afghan Crisis.
Donald Trump sudden suspension of Dialogue with Afghan Taliban is a new twist that could be the best topic for your Thesis.
BRI: Regional Connectivity And Beyond
BRI is supposed to build like the Marshal Plan. The six land routes and one maritime route will connect Asia to Central Countries, Europe, Africa, and South American countries. The Marshal Plan was proposed by America to develop western Europe and OBOR is projected by China to develop other countries and achieve global connectivity. Therefore, China is accused of duplicating the Western and European model of development.
US Sanctions On Iran and it’s impact on regional peace
The sanctions on Iran started in 1979 when the American Embassy was detained in Tehran. The current scenario USA mandate for the shutdown of Iran Nuclear Program. Iran justified by saying the nuclear program is for the deterrence and national security concerns. The tension between the two is escalated by Trump’s hardcore sanctions on trade with Iran and economic suppression.
Israel-Palestine Conflict: Reason Of OIC Failure
The Organization of Muslim Cooperation (OIC) could not take stand for the Israeli occupied territories and Israel human rights violation. The OIC fail to unite Muslim leaders for unified action against the Israeli army violations. What factors can unite Muslim leaders and what factors create hurdles for unified OIC Muslims leaders?
US Foreign Policy Towards North Korea
North Korea as a revolutionary state and communist bloc is a peril to the USA as a capitalist. The USA has imposed sanctions to denuclearize its nuclear program after its initial nuclear test in 2006. The Chinese and Russian influence in the country has further escalated the tension between the two. The financial penalties are imposed on North Korea to destabilize it for nuclear proliferation programs.
Human Rights Violation In Kashmir
The UN Report on Human Rights Violations in Kashmir 2018 has given a voice to the unheard. The UN was previously criticized being unresponsive towards the human rights violations despite the passing of plebiscite rights to the Kashmiri. Pakistan supports the plebiscite and their right of self-determination but Indian police ongoing desecrations still exist. The UN report held India accountable but India denied the facts. The Kashmir uphold multiple parties which have different agendas. The first type asks for a separate independent state, the second asks for a merger with India and third ask for a merger with Pakistan. This complex issue needs dire attention to bring peace in the zone and to prevent it from becoming a war zone.
Syrian Crisis Turn Into Civil War
The Syrian rebels upsurge and making an alliance with western countries in the form of Free Syrian Army. The forced resignation of Bashar Al Assad was in demand. The uncontrolled situation has led foreign forces and troops to intervene in the internal conflict. It has now become a global hub of terrorism and fall in the domain of international relations. The multi-group fights have turned the uprising into civil war. The foreign-sponsored terrorism and Syrian rebels are in an ongoing fight with the Syrian army. The Syrian territory is divided into two sections, labeled as; Syrian Army occupied territory and rebels occupied territory. This ongoing war zone is split into multiple groups in occupied territories.
Iran,ISIS and Syria are the major players in Syrian conflict where USA, Saudi Arabia and other western countries alliance have made this affecting other nations. Killing of Abu Al baakr Baghdadi as an ISIS leader last month can make an excellent topic for the dissertation where students can learn the impact of ISIS in this conflict.
Global Water Crisis
The water crisis has transformed into a global issue. The estimated 844 million people do not have an approach to hygienic drinking water worldwide. It means one out of ten individuals has to lack access to water. The UN has declared 22 March as World Water Day to present global water facts. The major areas affected include sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, cape town, Michigan, and flint. The overall 2.1 billion people are vulnerable to unsafe drinking water.
The author is an MSc Sociology and keen observer of international politics and global trends. Aina Armstrong